List of Acronyms

A

 

API(s)

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients

ASEAN

Association of South East Asian Nations

C

 

CHF

Swiss Francs

 

DIA

Drugs Information Association

 

EC

European Commission

EEC

European Economic Community

EDQM

European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines

EEA

European Economic Area

EFTA

European Free Trade Association

EMA

European Medicines Agency

EU

European Union

 

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FIP

Fédération Internationale Pharmaceutique

G

 

GCP

Good Clinical Practices

GCLP

Good Control of Laboratory Practice

GDP

Good Distribution Practice

GLP

Good Laboratory Practices

GMP

Good Manufacturing Practice

I

 

ICH

International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use

IFPMA

International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Associations

IMID

International Medicinal Inspectorates’ Database

ISPE

International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering

IQ

Installation Qualification

J

 

JVP

Joints Visits Programme

M

 

MERCOSUR

Mercado Común del Sur

MoU

Memorandum of Understanding

MRA(s)

Mutual Recognition Agreement(s)

N

 

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

O

 

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OQ

Operational Qualification

P

 

PA

Participating Authority

PAHO

Pan American Health Organization

PIC

Pharmaceutical Inspection Convention

PIC/S

Pharmaceutical Inspection Co-operation Scheme

PDA

Parenteral Drug Association

R

 

RA

Regulatory Authority

Q

 

QA

Quality Assurance

Q7A

ICH Expert Working Group on Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients

U

 

UNICEF

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund

W

 

WHO

World Health Organization

WTO

World Trade Organization